Physics Section

Physics Topics:


  1. Newton’s Laws of Motion
  2. Kinematics: Motion in One Dimension
  3. Projectile Motion, Circular Motion
  4. Forces: Gravity, Friction, Tension, Normal Force
  5. Work, Energy, and Power


  1. Laws of Thermodynamics
  2. Heat and Temperature
  3. Thermal Expansion
  4. Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection, Radiation
  5. Thermodynamic Processes: Isothermal, Adiabatic, Reversible, Irreversible


  1. Geometrical Optics: Reflection, Refraction, Snell’s Law
  2. Ray Optics: Mirrors, Lenses, Lens Formula
  3. Wave Optics: Interference, Diffraction, Polarization
  4. Optical Instruments: Microscopes, Telescopes, Cameras
  5. Optical Phenomena: Dispersion, Scattering, Absorption


  1. Electric Fields and Forces: Coulomb’s Law, Electric Potential
  2. Gauss’s Law and Electric Flux
  3. Electric Circuits: Ohm’s Law, Kirchhoff’s Laws
  4. Magnetic Fields and Forces: Biot-Savart Law, Ampere’s Law
  5. Electromagnetic Induction: Faraday’s Law, Lenz’s Law

Quantum Physics:

  1. Wave-Particle Duality
  2. Quantum Mechanics: Wavefunctions, Schrödinger Equation
  3. Quantum States and Energy Levels
  4. Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle
  5. Quantum Tunneling and Quantum Entanglement

Atomic and Nuclear Physics:

  1. Atomic Structure: Bohr Model, Energy Levels, Electron Transitions
  2. Radioactivity and Nuclear Decay
  3. Nuclear Reactions: Fission, Fusion, Half-Life
  4. Particle Interactions: Alpha Decay, Beta Decay, Gamma Decay
  5. Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Reactors

Waves and Oscillations:

  1. Wave Properties: Amplitude, Frequency, Wavelength
  2. Wave Equation: Wave Speed, Waveform
  3. Superposition and Interference
  4. Resonance and Harmonic Motion
  5. Standing Waves and Musical Instruments

Fluid Mechanics:

  1. Properties of Fluids: Density, Pressure, Buoyancy
  2. Pascal’s Principle and Archimedes’ Principle
  3. Fluid Flow: Bernoulli’s Equation, Viscosity
  4. Continuity Equation and Torricelli’s Law
  5. Surface Tension and Capillary Action


  1. Special Theory of Relativity: Time Dilation, Length Contraction
  2. Spacetime and Lorentz Transformations
  3. Einstein’s Mass-Energy Equivalence
  4. General Theory of Relativity: Gravity and Curved Spacetime
  5. Black Holes and Gravitational Waves

Particle Physics:

  1. Elementary Particles: Quarks, Leptons, Bosons
  2. Standard Model of Particle Physics
  3. Particle Interactions: Strong, Weak, Electromagnetic Forces
  4. Particle Accelerators and Colliders
  5. Higgs Boson and the Higgs Field

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