Which space-based observatory is known for its observations in the X-ray and gamma-ray wavelengths?
Explanation: The Chandra X-ray Observatory is a space-based observatory specifically designed to observe X-ray emissions from celestial objects. It has provided valuable insights into high-energy phenomena in the universe.
Which space-based instrument has been crucial in the discovery and characterization of exoplanets?
Explanation: The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) has been instrumental in the discovery and characterization of thousands of exoplanets. It uses the transit method to detect planets as they pass in front of their host stars, causing a slight dip in brightness.
Which space-based observatory is designed to study the Sun and its dynamic behavior?
Explanation: The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) is a space-based observatory dedicated to studying the Sun and its dynamic behavior, including solar flares, coronal mass ejections, and solar magnetic fields.
Which space-based instrument is used to detect and measure cosmic microwave background radiation?
Explanation: The Planck Observatory is a space-based instrument specifically designed to detect and measure cosmic microwave background radiation. It has provided precise measurements of the early universe, shedding light on its evolution and composition.
Which space-based observatory is set to succeed the Hubble Space Telescope and will focus on studying the formation of stars and galaxies?
Explanation: The James Webb Space Telescope is the successor to the Hubble Space Telescope and will be primarily focused on studying the formation of stars, galaxies, and planetary systems. It will operate primarily in the infrared range, enabling observations of the universe's early stages.