Which of the following factors affects birth rate?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) All of the above. Birth rate is influenced by multiple factors, including access to healthcare, economic development, and cultural beliefs and norms. These factors can affect individuals' decisions regarding family size and childbearing.
Which of the following factors affects death rate?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) All of the above. Death rate is influenced by various factors, including access to clean water and sanitation, healthcare infrastructure, and nutrition and food availability. These factors play a significant role in preventing diseases and improving overall health, leading to lower death rates.
Which of the following statements about birth rate and death rate is true?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Birth rate and death rate can vary depending on various factors. Birth rate and death rate are not fixed values and can vary among populations and over time. They are influenced by factors such as healthcare, education, economic conditions, and cultural norms, among others.
Which of the following best describes the Total Fertility Rate (TFR)?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) The average number of children born to a woman during her reproductive years. The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) represents the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her reproductive years (usually ages 15-49). It provides an indicator of population growth potential.
Which of the following statements about demographic transition is true?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) It involves a shift from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates. Demographic transition refers to the long-term shift from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates in a population. It typically occurs as countries undergo social and economic development, leading to changes in reproductive behavior, healthcare, and other factors influencing population growth.