What is the coefficient of friction?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) The ratio of frictional force to normal force. The coefficient of friction is a dimensionless constant that represents the ratio of the frictional force between two surfaces to the normal force pressing them together. It depends on the nature of the surfaces in contact and can vary for different materials and surface conditions.
Which type of coefficient of friction is typically greater in magnitude: static or kinetic?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) Static coefficient of friction. In general, the static coefficient of friction is greater in magnitude than the kinetic coefficient of friction. The static coefficient of friction represents the maximum frictional force that must be overcome to set an object in motion, while the kinetic coefficient of friction represents the frictional force when an object is already in motion.
What is the range of possible values for the coefficient of friction?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) 0 to ∞. The coefficient of friction can range from 0 to infinity. A coefficient of 0 represents a frictionless surface, while higher values indicate higher friction between the surfaces. However, the coefficient of friction cannot be negative.
What happens to the frictional force if the normal force between two surfaces increases?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) The frictional force remains the same. The frictional force between two surfaces depends on the coefficient of friction and the normal force pressing the surfaces together. If the normal force increases, the frictional force will remain the same as long as the coefficient of friction remains constant. However, if the coefficient of friction changes, then the frictional force may also change.
Which factor does not affect the coefficient of friction between two surfaces?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) The relative velocity between the surfaces. The coefficient of friction depends on the nature of the surfaces, the area of contact between the surfaces, and the temperature of the surfaces. However, the relative velocity between the surfaces does not affect the coefficient of friction.