What is the main purpose of genotyping?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) Assessing genetic variations in individuals. Genotyping is the process of determining genetic variations or differences in the DNA sequence among individuals. It involves analyzing specific DNA regions, such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) or short tandem repeats (STRs), to identify genetic variations associated with traits or diseases. Genotyping plays a crucial role in genetics research, personalized medicine, and population studies.
Which of the following techniques is commonly used for genotyping?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is a commonly used technique for genotyping. PCR allows for the amplification of specific DNA regions of interest, which can then be analyzed to determine genetic variations. Various PCR-based methods, such as allele-specific PCR, restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis, and real-time PCR, are used for genotyping different types of genetic variations.
What is the main purpose of gene expression analysis?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Quantifying gene expression levels. Gene expression analysis aims to measure and quantify the amount of gene expression or the activity of specific genes in a cell or tissue. It provides insights into which genes are active or silent and how gene expression levels change under different conditions or in different cell types. Gene expression analysis is essential for understanding biological processes, disease mechanisms, and identifying potential therapeutic targets.
Which technique is commonly used for gene expression analysis?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is a commonly used technique for gene expression analysis. It involves the conversion of RNA to complementary DNA (cDNA) using reverse transcriptase enzyme, followed by PCR amplification of the cDNA. RT-PCR allows the quantification of mRNA levels and provides information about the gene expression levels of specific genes of interest.
What is the purpose of normalization in gene expression analysis?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) To compare gene expression across samples. Normalization in gene expression analysis is the process of adjusting gene expression data to make them comparable across different samples or experimental conditions. Normalization eliminates technical variations or biases that may arise during sample processing, RNA extraction, or amplification. It ensures that differences observed in gene expression levels are due to biological variations and not technical artifacts, allowing for accurate comparison and interpretation of gene expression data.