What is herd immunity?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) The immunity of a specific population. Herd immunity refers to the resistance to the spread of a contagious disease within a population, achieved when a significant proportion of individuals are immune either through vaccination or prior infection. Herd immunity protects individuals who are unable to be vaccinated or have weakened immune systems.
What is the minimum threshold for herd immunity?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) 70-90%. The minimum threshold for herd immunity depends on the contagiousness of the disease. For most infectious diseases, achieving a vaccination coverage of 70-90% is necessary to prevent widespread transmission and protect vulnerable individuals in the population.
What is the primary benefit of herd immunity?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Prevention of future outbreaks. The primary benefit of herd immunity is that it reduces the likelihood of a disease spreading within a population, which in turn prevents future outbreaks. It protects not only vaccinated individuals but also those who are unable to be vaccinated or have weaker immune systems.
Which of the following contributes to herd immunity?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Both A and B. Herd immunity can be achieved through both natural immunity acquired from previous infection and vaccination. Individuals who have recovered from certain diseases develop immunity, and when combined with vaccination, it can significantly contribute to herd immunity.
What is the role of herd immunity in protecting vulnerable populations?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) It provides indirect protection to those who cannot be vaccinated. Herd immunity is especially important in protecting vulnerable populations who cannot receive vaccines due to age, health conditions, or other reasons. By reducing the transmission of the disease within the population, it indirectly shields those who are at a higher risk of severe illness or complications.