What is the main advantage of High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) over traditional liquid chromatography?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) Higher resolution. High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) offers higher resolution compared to traditional liquid chromatography methods. HPLC utilizes advanced column technology, higher-pressure pumps, and optimized detectors, allowing for better separation and detection of analytes in complex mixtures. This enhanced resolution makes HPLC a preferred choice for many analytical applications, including pharmaceutical analysis and biomolecule characterization.
Which type of HPLC column is commonly used for separating nonpolar and moderately polar compounds?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) Reverse-phase column. Reverse-phase columns are commonly used in HPLC for separating nonpolar and moderately polar compounds. These columns contain a nonpolar stationary phase (e.g., hydrophobic bonded phase) and a polar mobile phase. Nonpolar analytes interact more strongly with the nonpolar stationary phase, leading to their retention and separation from the polar components in the mixture.
What is the purpose of the mobile phase in HPLC?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Carrying the analytes through the column. In HPLC, the mobile phase plays a crucial role in carrying the analytes through the column. It is a carefully chosen liquid solvent or a mixture of solvents that helps elute the analytes from the stationary phase. The composition and flow rate of the mobile phase can be adjusted to optimize separation, retention, and elution of analytes.
What type of detector is commonly used in HPLC for detecting analytes?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) UV-Visible detector. UV-Visible detectors are commonly used in HPLC for detecting analytes. These detectors measure the absorbance or the intensity of light at specific wavelengths. When the analytes elute from the column, they pass through the detector cell, and their presence and quantity are determined based on their absorbance at the selected wavelength. UV-Visible detectors are widely applicable and offer good sensitivity for a broad range of compounds.
What does the retention time represent in HPLC?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) The time it takes for the analyte to reach the detector. Retention time in HPLC represents the time it takes for an analyte to elute from the column and reach the detector. It is the time interval between the injection of the sample and the detection of the analyte peak. Retention time is influenced by various factors, including the stationary phase, mobile phase composition, column temperature, and analyte properties. Retention time is often used for identification and comparison of analytes.