What is infrastructure resilience?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) The ability of infrastructure to withstand natural disasters. Infrastructure resilience refers to the ability of infrastructure systems, such as buildings, roads, bridges, and utilities, to withstand and recover from natural disasters or other disruptive events. Resilient infrastructure is designed and built to minimize the impact of hazards, maintain functionality during and after disasters, and enable rapid recovery.
Which of the following is an example of infrastructure resilience measure?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Implementing early warning systems. Implementing early warning systems is an example of an infrastructure resilience measure. Early warning systems can provide timely alerts and information about impending disasters, such as hurricanes, floods, or earthquakes, allowing people to evacuate or take necessary precautions. By providing advance notice, early warning systems contribute to the resilience of infrastructure and communities by reducing the potential for loss of life and property damage.
Why is infrastructure resilience important?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) To enhance community safety and well-being. Infrastructure resilience is important to enhance community safety and well-being. Resilient infrastructure helps minimize the disruption and damage caused by natural disasters, ensuring that critical services, such as power, water, and transportation, remain available during and after a crisis. It reduces the risks associated with hazards, protects lives and property, and supports the functioning of communities, businesses, and essential services.
What is the role of urban planning in infrastructure resilience?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) To promote compact and mixed-use development. Urban planning plays a crucial role in infrastructure resilience by promoting compact and mixed-use development. Compact and mixed-use development reduces the vulnerability of infrastructure systems by minimizing exposure to natural hazards and enhancing the efficiency and resilience of transportation networks. It also helps create walkable communities, reduces automobile dependency, and supports the development of social connections and community cohesion.
What are some examples of critical infrastructure?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Power plants and water treatment facilities. Critical infrastructure refers to the systems and facilities essential for the functioning of societies and economies. Examples of critical infrastructure include power plants, water treatment facilities, transportation networks, communication systems, hospitals, emergency services, and government buildings. These infrastructures provide vital services and require resilience to ensure their continuous operation during and after disruptive events.