What is the main goal of ecological restoration?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) To return an ecosystem to its pre-disturbance state. The main goal of ecological restoration is to restore the structure, function, and composition of an ecosystem to a historically accurate or pre-disturbance condition. While complete restoration to an original state may not always be possible, the aim is to achieve a condition that closely resembles the ecosystem's natural state before degradation or disturbance.
Which of the following is a key principle of ecological restoration?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) All of the above. Ecological restoration involves active human intervention to assist in the recovery of ecosystems. It often requires deliberate actions to promote the recovery of ecological processes and the reintroduction or establishment of native species. Minimal disturbance is an important principle to ensure that restoration efforts do not cause further harm to the ecosystem. Native species selection is also crucial as it helps to restore the original species composition and enhance ecosystem functioning.
Why is long-term monitoring essential in ecological restoration projects?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) All of the above. Long-term monitoring is essential in ecological restoration projects to assess the effectiveness of restoration actions over time. It helps determine whether the project goals and objectives are being achieved and whether the restored ecosystem is functioning as intended. Long-term monitoring also allows for the identification of potential barriers to restoration success and provides insights for adaptive management, ensuring that any necessary adjustments can be made to improve the outcomes of the restoration efforts.
What is the concept of resilience in ecological restoration?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) The ability of an ecosystem to maintain stability and function. Resilience refers to an ecosystem's capacity to absorb disturbances, adapt to changes, and maintain its essential functions, structure, identity, and feedbacks. It is the ability of the ecosystem to recover and persist in the face of disturbances, such as natural disasters or human-induced impacts. Resilient ecosystems can withstand and bounce back from disturbances, demonstrating a high level of stability and functionality.
Which of the following is a social benefit of ecological restoration?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) All of the above. Ecological restoration can provide multiple social benefits, including enhanced recreational opportunities, improved water quality, and increased habitat for wildlife. Restored ecosystems often create spaces for outdoor activities, such as hiking, birdwatching, and nature appreciation. Restored habitats can contribute to cleaner water sources by filtering pollutants and reducing runoff. Additionally, the presence of restored ecosystems supports the return of wildlife, creating opportunities for ecological interactions and conservation.