What is the primary difference between a light microscope and an electron microscope?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) Light microscopes use visible light, while electron microscopes use electrons. The primary difference between a light microscope and an electron microscope is the type of radiation used to illuminate the specimen. Light microscopes use visible light to illuminate the specimen, while electron microscopes use a beam of electrons. This fundamental difference in radiation leads to variations in the resolution, magnification, and types of specimens that can be observed with each type of microscope.
Which of the following is a type of electron microscope that provides detailed 3D images of the surface of a specimen?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) Scanning electron microscope (SEM). The scanning electron microscope is a type of electron microscope that is particularly suited for producing detailed 3D images of the surface of a specimen. It scans a focused electron beam across the specimen's surface, and the interaction of the electrons with the specimen produces signals that can be used to generate highly magnified images with excellent depth of field.
What is the maximum achievable magnification of an electron microscope?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) 1000000x. Electron microscopes have much higher magnification capabilities compared to light microscopes. The maximum achievable magnification of an electron microscope can reach up to 1000000x, allowing researchers to observe specimens at an extremely detailed level. This high magnification is possible due to the short wavelength of electrons, which enables electron microscopes to resolve smaller structures and features with greater clarity.
Which component of an electron microscope is responsible for focusing the electron beam onto the specimen?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) Electron gun. The electron gun is a crucial component of an electron microscope and is responsible for generating a focused electron beam. It typically consists of a heated filament that emits electrons and an electromagnetic coil that focuses and accelerates the electrons into a narrow, high-speed beam. The focused electron beam is then directed onto the specimen for imaging and analysis.
Which type of electron microscope allows for the visualization of the internal structure of thin specimens?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) Transmission electron microscope (TEM). The transmission electron microscope is specifically designed to visualize the internal structure of thin specimens, such as biological tissues or nanomaterials. In a TEM, the electron beam passes through the specimen, and the interaction of the electrons with the specimen generates an image that reveals the internal details and structures. This type of microscope provides high-resolution imaging and is widely used in various fields of scientific research.