What is the primary consideration when conducting research involving human subjects?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) Protecting the rights and welfare of the participants. When conducting research involving human subjects, the primary consideration is to protect the rights and welfare of the participants. This includes obtaining informed consent, ensuring privacy and confidentiality, minimizing potential risks, and addressing any potential conflicts of interest. Ethical guidelines and institutional review boards (IRBs) help ensure the ethical conduct of human subjects research.
What is the purpose of an institutional review board (IRB) in human subjects research?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) To ensure the protection of human subjects' rights and welfare. An institutional review board (IRB) is responsible for reviewing research protocols involving human subjects to ensure the protection of their rights, welfare, and ethical considerations. IRBs assess the risks and benefits of the research, evaluate the informed consent process, and monitor ongoing studies to ensure compliance with ethical guidelines and regulations.
What is the principle of the "Three Rs" in animal research?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Replacement, Refinement, and Reduction. The "Three Rs" principle in animal research refers to Replacement, Refinement, and Reduction. Replacement involves using alternative methods to replace or minimize the use of animals in research. Refinement focuses on refining experimental procedures to minimize pain and distress for the animals. Reduction aims to reduce the number of animals used in research while obtaining statistically valid results. These principles promote the ethical treatment and welfare of animals in research.
Why is it important to ensure proper animal care and housing in research?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) To ensure the welfare and minimize the suffering of the animals. It is important to ensure proper animal care and housing in research to prioritize the welfare and minimize the suffering of the animals involved. Providing appropriate housing, nutrition, and veterinary care are essential for maintaining the animals' health and well-being. These measures align with ethical considerations, regulatory requirements, and scientific rigor, ensuring reliable and ethical research outcomes.
What is the role of informed consent in human subjects research?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) To protect the rights and autonomy of the research participants. Informed consent is a crucial aspect of human subjects research as it ensures the protection of the rights and autonomy of the research participants. Informed consent involves providing participants with comprehensive information about the study purpose, procedures, potential risks and benefits, and their rights to voluntarily participate or withdraw from the research. Participants must give their informed consent freely, without coercion, and with a clear understanding of the study's implications.