What is scientific integrity?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Adhering to honesty, transparency, and ethical standards in research. Scientific integrity refers to adhering to honesty, transparency, and ethical standards in conducting research. It involves conducting research with integrity, accuracy, and reliability, while ensuring the responsible handling of data and the ethical treatment of participants or subjects.
What is scientific misconduct?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) Falsifying or fabricating data. Scientific misconduct refers to the violation of ethical standards and includes practices such as falsifying, fabricating, or manipulating data, plagiarism, improper authorship attribution, or failing to disclose conflicts of interest. It undermines the integrity and trustworthiness of scientific research.
What is the responsibility of researchers in ensuring scientific integrity?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Complying with ethical guidelines and reporting any misconduct. Researchers have a responsibility to ensure scientific integrity by complying with ethical guidelines, following best practices, and reporting any instances of scientific misconduct. They should prioritize the welfare of participants, maintain accuracy and reliability in data collection and analysis, and uphold the principles of honesty, transparency, and accountability.
Why is it important to acknowledge and provide appropriate credit to the work of others in scientific research?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) To recognize the contributions and intellectual property of others. Acknowledging and providing appropriate credit to the work of others in scientific research is essential to recognize their contributions and intellectual property. It demonstrates academic integrity, ethical behavior, and respect for the scientific community. It also helps avoid plagiarism and promotes collaboration, credibility, and the advancement of knowledge.
What can researchers do to prevent scientific misconduct?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Foster a culture of integrity, promote ethical conduct, and maintain transparency. Researchers can prevent scientific misconduct by fostering a culture of integrity, promoting ethical conduct, and maintaining transparency. This includes following established protocols, adhering to ethical guidelines, conducting rigorous research, practicing responsible data management, and collaborating in an ethical and transparent manner. Preventing misconduct requires the collective effort of the scientific community and individual researchers.