Trophic efficiency is defined as:
Explanation: The correct answer is A) The percentage of energy transferred from one trophic level to the next. Trophic efficiency is a measure of how efficiently energy is transferred between trophic levels in an ecosystem. It represents the percentage of energy available at one trophic level that is passed on to the next trophic level. Trophic efficiency is typically low, with only a fraction of the energy being transferred due to energy loss as heat and metabolic processes.
Which of the following factors contributes to the decrease in trophic efficiency as energy moves up the food chain?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) Metabolic heat loss. Trophic efficiency decreases as energy moves up the food chain due to various factors, including metabolic heat loss. Organisms use energy for their own metabolic processes, such as respiration, maintenance, and growth, resulting in the loss of energy as heat. This metabolic heat loss reduces the amount of energy available for transfer to higher trophic levels.
Trophic efficiency is typically highest in which trophic level?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) Producers. Trophic efficiency is highest in the producer level (also known as the first trophic level) of an ecosystem. Producers, such as plants and algae, convert sunlight energy into chemical energy through photosynthesis. They capture a significant portion of the available energy and pass it on to the next trophic level, making them the most efficient in energy transfer.
Which of the following trophic levels typically has the lowest biomass in an ecosystem?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) Tertiary consumers. The biomass decreases as we move up the food chain in an ecosystem. Producers (first trophic level) typically have the highest biomass as they form the base of the food chain. Primary consumers (second trophic level) have lower biomass than producers, and secondary consumers (third trophic level) have even lower biomass. Tertiary consumers (fourth trophic level) usually have the lowest biomass as they are at the highest trophic level and receive the least amount of energy from the food chain.
What happens to the energy that is not transferred between trophic levels?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) It is converted into heat. The energy that is not transferred between trophic levels is mostly lost as heat. As energy flows through an ecosystem, it is utilized by organisms for their own metabolic processes and is eventually released as heat. Only a fraction of the energy is stored as biomass and passed on to the next trophic level, resulting in a decrease in trophic efficiency and the loss of energy as heat.