What is bioethics?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) The examination of ethical issues related to healthcare and life sciences. Bioethics is a field of study that involves analyzing and addressing ethical dilemmas arising from advances in healthcare, medicine, and life sciences. It encompasses topics such as informed consent, end-of-life decisions, genetic testing, and allocation of healthcare resources.
Which of the following is a core principle of bioethics?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) Autonomy. Autonomy is a core principle of bioethics that emphasizes an individual's right to make decisions about their own healthcare and body. It promotes respect for individual choices, informed consent, and the right to refuse or accept medical treatment.
What is the purpose of an institutional review board (IRB)?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) To ensure compliance with regulatory guidelines. An institutional review board (IRB) is a committee that reviews and approves research studies involving human subjects to ensure that they adhere to ethical and regulatory guidelines. The primary goal of an IRB is to protect the rights and welfare of research participants.
Which of the following is an example of a bioethical issue?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) Allocating healthcare resources. The allocation of healthcare resources, such as organ transplants or limited medical supplies, presents ethical dilemmas related to fairness, equity, and distributive justice. Bioethics plays a crucial role in providing frameworks for addressing such issues and making ethically informed decisions.
Which ethical principle emphasizes the importance of minimizing harm?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) Non-maleficence. Non-maleficence is an ethical principle that requires healthcare professionals to do no harm to their patients and to minimize the risks of harm associated with medical interventions. It emphasizes the importance of considering the potential risks and benefits of medical treatments and interventions and taking steps to prevent or mitigate harm.