What is carbon accounting?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) The process of measuring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions. Carbon accounting refers to the systematic process of measuring, quantifying, and reporting the greenhouse gas emissions and removals associated with an entity, such as an organization, project, or region. It involves collecting data, applying emission factors, and calculating the carbon footprint to assess and manage the environmental impact.
Which of the following is an example of a direct emission source in carbon accounting?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Waste disposal. Waste disposal is an example of a direct emission source in carbon accounting. Direct emissions sources are those that are directly owned or controlled by the entity, and they include activities such as combustion of fossil fuels, industrial processes, and waste management. Waste disposal can lead to the release of greenhouse gases like methane (CH4) from decomposing organic waste in landfills.
What is Scope 3 emissions in carbon accounting?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) Emissions from transportation and distribution. Scope 3 emissions in carbon accounting refer to indirect emissions that occur in the value chain of the entity but are not directly owned or controlled by them. This includes emissions from activities such as purchased goods and services, transportation and distribution, waste generated by suppliers, and other upstream and downstream activities.
What is carbon neutrality in the context of carbon accounting?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Balancing carbon emissions and removals to achieve net-zero emissions. Carbon neutrality, in the context of carbon accounting, refers to the state of achieving net-zero carbon emissions by balancing the amount of greenhouse gases emitted with an equal amount of removal or offsetting. This can be accomplished through various means, including reducing emissions, implementing renewable energy sources, and investing in carbon offset projects.
What is a carbon footprint?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) The measure of an entity's greenhouse gas emissions. A carbon footprint is a measure of the total greenhouse gas emissions, typically expressed in carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e), associated with an individual, organization, product, or activity. It takes into account emissions from direct and indirect sources and provides a comprehensive assessment of the environmental impact and contribution to climate change.