What are emission reduction targets?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) Targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Emission reduction targets are specific goals set by countries or organizations to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted into the atmosphere. These targets are crucial for mitigating climate change and achieving global climate objectives, such as limiting global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
Which international agreement sets emission reduction targets for countries?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement is an international treaty under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It sets emission reduction targets for countries to combat climate change and limit global temperature rise. Each country submits its own nationally determined contributions (NDCs), outlining its specific emission reduction targets, strategies, and actions.
What is the aim of emission reduction targets?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) To promote sustainable development. The aim of emission reduction targets is to promote sustainable development by mitigating climate change. By setting targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, countries aim to limit global temperature rise, protect ecosystems and biodiversity, enhance energy efficiency, promote renewable energy, and create a more sustainable and resilient future for current and future generations.
Which greenhouse gases are targeted for emission reductions?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) All of the above. Emission reduction targets typically address multiple greenhouse gases. The main greenhouse gases targeted for emission reductions include carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and fluorinated gases. These gases contribute to the greenhouse effect and climate change, and efforts to reduce their emissions are critical for mitigating global warming and its impacts.
Why are emission reduction targets important?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) All of the above. Emission reduction targets are important for multiple reasons. They encourage technological innovation and the development of clean energy solutions, promoting the transition to a low-carbon economy. Additionally, emission reduction targets aim to protect vulnerable communities and ecosystems from the impacts of climate change, including extreme weather events, sea-level rise, and disruptions to agriculture and water resources. Furthermore, these targets contribute to achieving sustainable development goals and reducing the world's dependence on fossil fuels, fostering a more sustainable and resilient future.