Which of the following is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) High blood pressure. High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. It puts strain on the heart and blood vessels, increasing the risk of heart attacks, strokes, and other cardiovascular problems.
Which of the following is a symptom of coronary artery disease?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) Chest pain or discomfort. Coronary artery disease occurs when the blood vessels that supply the heart with oxygen-rich blood become narrow or blocked. Chest pain or discomfort, often referred to as angina, is a common symptom of this condition.
Which of the following is a treatment option for atrial fibrillation?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Pacemaker implantation. Atrial fibrillation is an irregular and often rapid heart rhythm that can lead to various cardiovascular problems. One treatment option is the implantation of a pacemaker, which helps regulate the heart's electrical activity and restore a normal rhythm.
Which of the following is a common symptom of heart failure?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Fatigue and weakness. Heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. Fatigue and weakness are common symptoms of this condition, as the body's organs and tissues may not receive an adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients.
What is a common cause of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Sedentary lifestyle or immobility. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that forms in a deep vein, typically in the leg. Prolonged periods of sitting or immobility can increase the risk of DVT. Regular physical activity and avoiding long periods of inactivity can help reduce the risk.