What is diabetes?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) A chronic condition characterized by high blood sugar levels. Diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when the body either does not produce enough insulin or is unable to effectively use the insulin it produces, resulting in high blood sugar levels.
Which of the following is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Family history of diabetes. Having a family history of diabetes is a risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes. Other risk factors include being overweight or obese, leading a sedentary lifestyle, and having certain medical conditions such as high blood pressure or polycystic ovary syndrome.
What is the role of insulin in diabetes?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) It helps lower blood sugar levels. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. It plays a crucial role in regulating blood sugar levels by allowing cells in the body to take in glucose from the bloodstream and use it as a source of energy. In diabetes, the body either doesn't produce enough insulin or doesn't use it effectively, leading to high blood sugar levels.
Which type of diabetes requires insulin injections for management?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) Type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. People with type 1 diabetes require insulin injections or the use of an insulin pump to manage their blood sugar levels since their body does not produce enough insulin.
What is hypoglycemia?
Explanation: The correct answer is B) Low blood sugar levels. Hypoglycemia occurs when blood sugar levels drop below normal levels, typically below 70 mg/dL. It can cause symptoms such as dizziness, confusion, shakiness, and in severe cases, loss of consciousness. Hypoglycemia is often a result of diabetes treatment, such as taking too much insulin or skipping meals.