What drives the major ocean circulation patterns on Earth?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) Wind and density differences. The major ocean circulation patterns on Earth are primarily driven by wind and density differences. Surface winds create frictional forces that drive surface currents, while differences in temperature and salinity lead to variations in water density, influencing deep ocean currents.
Which of the following is an example of a warm ocean current?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) Gulf Stream. The Gulf Stream is an example of a warm ocean current. It originates in the Gulf of Mexico and carries warm water northward along the eastern coast of the United States, affecting the climate of the eastern seaboard and contributing to the warming of Western Europe.
Which ocean circulation pattern is responsible for bringing nutrient-rich deep water to the ocean surface?
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Upwelling currents. Upwelling currents are responsible for bringing nutrient-rich deep water to the ocean surface. These currents occur when wind-driven surface waters are deflected offshore, allowing the colder, nutrient-rich water from below to rise and replace the surface water. Upwelling supports the growth of phytoplankton and contributes to productive fisheries in many regions.
What is the major oceanic circulation pattern in the Atlantic Ocean?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). The AMOC is the major oceanic circulation pattern in the Atlantic Ocean. It involves the northward flow of warm surface waters and the southward flow of cold deep waters, driven by density differences. The AMOC plays a crucial role in the global heat transport and climate system, impacting regional climate patterns and influencing the distribution of heat and nutrients.
Which oceanic feature is associated with the formation of the California Current?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) Subtropical High. The formation of the California Current is associated with the presence of the Subtropical High. The Subtropical High is a semi-permanent high-pressure system located in the eastern Pacific Ocean, off the coast of California. The clockwise circulation around this high-pressure system drives the California Current, a cold, nutrient-rich current that flows southward along the western coast of North America.