Who is credited with inventing the refracting telescope?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) Galileo Galilei. Galileo Galilei is credited with inventing the refracting telescope in the early 17th century. His design used a convex objective lens to gather and focus light, allowing him to make significant astronomical observations and discoveries.
What type of lens is used as the primary objective in a refracting telescope?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) Convex lens. In a refracting telescope, a convex lens is used as the primary objective. The convex lens is thicker at the center and thinner at the edges, causing incoming light to converge and focus at a specific point. This lens collects and focuses the light from distant celestial objects, forming an image that can be magnified and observed.
What is a disadvantage of refracting telescopes compared to reflecting telescopes?
Explanation: The correct answer is A) They suffer from chromatic aberration. One of the disadvantages of refracting telescopes is their susceptibility to chromatic aberration. Chromatic aberration is a type of optical distortion where different colors of light are refracted at slightly different angles, resulting in fuzzy or colored fringes around objects. This occurs because different wavelengths of light have different refractive indices in the lens material. Reflecting telescopes, on the other hand, use mirrors instead of lenses and do not suffer from this issue.
Which of the following is an example of a refracting telescope?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) Yerkes Observatory. The Yerkes Observatory is an example of a refracting telescope. It is home to the largest refracting telescope ever successfully used for astronomical research. The telescope, known as the Yerkes refractor, has a 40-inch (1-meter) objective lens and has made significant contributions to astronomy since its installation in 1897.
What is the primary limitation of refracting telescopes in terms of size?
Explanation: The correct answer is D) They are limited in terms of size and weight. Refracting telescopes become increasingly difficult to construct and support as their size increases. The weight and size of the lens needed for larger apertures can pose significant challenges. This limitation makes it impractical to build very large refracting telescopes, whereas reflecting telescopes can be constructed with larger apertures using segmented mirrors or other design innovations.